|Emedecine collection |
Updated: Mar 12, 2012
Over the past 2 decades, allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) has become increasingly defined.
Historically mistaken for a paranasal sinus tumor, allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) now is believed to be an allergic reaction to aerosolized environmental fungi, usually of the dematiaceous species, in an immunocompetent host.
This is in contrast to invasive fungal infections that affect immunocompromised hosts, such as patients with diabetes mellitus and patients with AIDS.
Most patients with allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) have a history of allergic rhinitis, and the exact timing of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) development can be difficult to discern.
Thick fungal debris and mucin, as shown below, are developed in the sinus cavities and must be surgically removed so that the inciting allergen is no longer present.
Recurrence is not uncommon once the disease is removed. Anti-inflammatory medical therapy and immunotherapy are being employed to help prevent recurrence. See theimage below.
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|A 15-year-old boy with allergic fungal sinusitis causing right proptosis, |
and malar flattening; the position of his eyes is asymmetrical,
and his nasal ala on the right is pushed inferiorly compared to the left.
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